Beginning as a series of small successor trading states, Ancient Ghanathe empire grew to encompass the territory between the Atlantic Ocean and Lake Chada distance of nearly 1, miles. Encompassing all or part of the modern nations of MauritaniaSenegalGambiaGuineaMaliBurkina FasoNigerNigeriaand Chad, at its height inMali was one of the largest empires in the world. The Mali Empire was strategically located between the West African gold mines and the agriculturally rich Niger River floodplain. In Sundiata Keita, the leader of one of these states, Kangaba, defeated its principal rival, the neighboring kingdom of Susu, and began consolidating power in the region.
The victory set the stage for expansion of the Mandinka Malinke people and formation of the Mali Empire. Sundiata proceeded to stretch the boundaries of his domain-southward to the forest, the savannah region of the southern Soyinka, and absorbing the sahelian Ghana Empire.
Sundiata established his capital at Niani and took the title, mansa or king. The Keita clan would be the line of mansas. Sundiata ruled until Mansa Uli He was succeeded by Mansa Uli Mansa Uli made Islam the official court religion. He was the first to take a hajj to Mecca, while forging diplomatic relation throughout the muslim world.
Authority was passed later to Mansa Khalifa, who was cruel. Tradition has it he would fire arrows at his subjects indiscriminately. The people rose up in rebellion overthrew his reign.
He was chosen by the sister of Mari-Djata and possibly by court officials. Court officials would have found him more compliant to their policies.
Aroundhe took a hajj, but was killed on his return, in Tajura. Sakura brought back luster to the empire. Abu Bakr II an obscure mansa is reported to have to have abdicated the throne to explore the limits of the Atlantic, as related by Mansa Musa in Egypt.
Mansa Musa At its height, Mali would be ruled by its most famous and illustrious Emperor Mansa Kankan Musa, whose famous hajj in establish a grand reputation of wealth and splendor in the muslim world.
Mansa Musa brought so much gold and gave liberally, he caused the price of gold to decline in Egypt. Mansa Musa also extended Mali's borders to its greatest extent; to the Sahara Walata, with much influence on Taghaza; eastward to Gao to the borders of Hausaland; westward to Fulani Takrur.
We also saw the expansion of Islam, more west Africans began to convert.
With the spread of Islam, was also the spread of trade. Mansa Musa invited numerous scholars from the muslim world.
He is credited with introducing mudbrick architecture to the western Sudan. Timbuktu became a major center of learning under Malian patronage.
The Mali Empire was one of the largest and grandest empires in the world at that time and became a world power. He was directly chosen by Musa as his heir, denying his oldest brother Sulayman the throne. Mansa Magha-Muhammad only ruled for four years. Sulayman inherited the throne.
Mali's grandeur and wealth continued under Mansa Sulayman.
Mansa Sulayman avoided a coup in His reign lasted 24 years. Mansa Qasa and the beginning decline, The son of Sulayman, Mansa Qasa ibn Sulayman took over the throne at his father's death. His reign lasted 9 month at his death.
Mari Djata son of Magha-Muhammad took over the throne.
His reign lasted 14 years. He was a corrupt leader and nearly bankrupted the empire. His son, Musa, took over the throne, but was nothing but a puppet of court officials.
He died in The Ghana Empire (c. until c. ), properly known as Awkar (Ghana or Ga'na being the title of its ruler), was located in the area of present-day southeastern Mauritania and western monstermanfilm.comx societies based on trans-Saharan trade with salt and gold had existed in the region since ancient times, but the introduction of the camel to the western Sahara in the 3rd century A.D.
opened the. The Mali Empire was the second of three West African empires to emerge in the vast savanna grasslands located between the Sahara Desert to the north and the coastal rain forest in the south. Beginning as a series of small successor trading states, Ancient Ghana, the empire grew to .
The Songhai Empire was the largest and last of the three major pre-colonial empires to emerge in West Africa.. From its capital at Gao on the Niger River, Songhai expanded in all directions until it stretched from the Atlantic Ocean (modern Senegal and Gambia) to what is now Northwest Nigeria and central Niger.
Gao, Songhai’s capital, which remains to this day a small Niger River trading. Through the Mongol empire, the Mali empire, and the Inka empire, this unit examines the construction of empires, their administrative structures, legitimating ideologies, and the environmental and technological conditions that shaped them.
REPUBLIC OF MALI in WEST AFRICA. The African Continent is divided into two parts in respect of architecture; the 'Arab Africa' in the north facing the Mediterranean Sea and 'Black Africa,' which lies south of the Sahara Desert.
Ironically, Gao was part of the Mali empire, just as Mali had been part of Ghana. Gao turned into the Songhay Empire, which took over many of Mali's trade routes and cities.